(Give recommendations if appropriate)
Thank your audience
The following table shows examples of language for each of these functions. You may need to modify the language as appropriate.
Function Possible language
1 Summing up
Now, to sum up...
So let me summarise/recap what I've said.
Finally, may I remind you of some of the main points we've considered.
2 Giving recommendations
In conclusion, my recommendations are...
I therefore suggest/propose/recommend the following strategy.
3 Thanking your audience
Many thanks for your attention.
May I thank you all for being such an attentive audience.
4 Inviting questions
Now I'll try to answer any questions you may have.
Can I answer any questions?
Are there any questions?
Do you have any questions?
Are there any final questions?
Questions are a good opportunity for you to interact with your audience. It may be helpful for you to try to predict what questions will be asked so that you can prepare your response in advance. You may wish to accept questions at any time during your presentation, or to keep a time for questions after your presentation. Normally, it's your decision, and you should make it clear during the introduction. Be polite with all questioners, even if they ask difficult questions. They are showing interest in what you have to say and they deserve attention. Sometimes you can reformulate a question. Or answer the question with another question. Or even ask for comment from the rest of the audience.